• Lenka Ližbetinová
  • Miluša Balková
  • Petra Voláková
  • Adrian Kuka


Klíčová slova:

transport and logistics companies, motivation, human resources management, employees, Student's T-test


The situation on the labour market in the field of transport and logistics is strongly undersized by offering the necessary quality human resources. Acquiring and maintaining these resources creates one of the main prerequisites for the competitiveness of companies. Knowing their preferences can help not only solve the problem of gaining, retaining quality employees, but also more efficiently spend funds in this area. The aim of the article is to determine the motivational preferences of employees in the field of transport and logistics and to identify the main areas that are least fulfilled by their employers.. The article is based on the results of a questionnaire survey on a sample of 2363 respondents. Data are processed using basic descriptive statistics and Student's T-test. The results provide an overview of the employees’ preferences of transport and logistics companies and problem areas in terms of satisfaction. In addition to enriching the knowledge base for the next stage of the issue, the conclusions provide companies in the field of transport and logistics with the opportunity to take a more sophisticated approach to motivating their employees and also to help acquire new ones.


Bagis, M., Karaguzel, E. S., Kryeziu L. and Ardic, K. 2019. A Longitudinal Analysis on Intellectual Structure of Human Resources Management: Theoretical Foundations and Research Trends. Journal Of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Economics and Administrative Sciences Faculty, 6(3), pp. 796–814. DOI: 10.30798/makuiibf.569513

Cai, W.; Khapova, S.; Bossink, B.; Lysova, E.; and Yuan, J. 2020. Optimizing Employee Creativity in the Digital Era: Uncovering the Interactional Effects of Abilities, Motivations, and Opportunities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 17, p. 1038.

Chocholac, J.; Sommerauerova, D.; Hyrslova, J.; Kucera, T.; Hruska, R. and Machalik, S. 2020. Service quality of the urban public transport companies and sustainable city logistics. Open Engineering, 10(1), pp. 86-97. DOI: 10.1515/eng-2020-0010.

Czech Transport Publishing House. 2020a. Parcel transport breaks records in the coronavirus era, GLS strengthens its main lines by purchasing new containers. Forwarding, logistics COVID-19. [online]. [Cit. 20. 20. 2020], Available at:

Czech Transport Publishing House. 2020b. Part of Bratislava Airport serves as an aircraft parking lot. Forwarding, logistics COVID-19. [online]. [Cit. 20. 6. 2020], Available at:

Davies, G., Mete, M., and Whelan, S. 2018. When employer brand image aids employee satisfaction and engagement. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance.

Gawel, J. E. 1996. Herzberg's theory of motivation and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation, 5(1), 11. (ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation Washington DC. ED421486)

Hitka et al. 2015. Differences in Motivation between Male and Female in Slovakia in 2015. Modern Applied Science; 10(1); ISSN 1913-1844

Hitka, M., Kucharčíková, A., Štarchoň, P., Balážová, Ž., Lukáč, M. and Stacho, Z. 2019. Knowledge and Human Capital as Sustainable Competitive Advantage in Human Resource Management. Sustainability, 11(18), 4985. DOI: 10.3390/su11184985

Jigjiddorj, S., Tsogbadrakh, T., Choijil, E. and Zanabazar, A. 2019. The Mediating Effect of Employee Loyalty on the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Performance. Economics, Management and Technology in Enterprises 2019 (EMT 2019) Part of Series Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research. DOI: 10.2991/emt-19.2019.37

Kampf, R., Lorincová, S., Hitka, M. and Stopka, O. 2017. Generational differences in the perception of corporate culture in European transport enterprises. Sustainability, 9(9), 1561.

Kampf, R.; Průša, P. and Savage, C. 2011. Systematic location of the public logistic centres in Czech Republic. Transport. 26(4), pp. 425–432; DOI: 10.3846/16484142.2011.635424.

Kolar, V. 2016. DHL reveals key logistics trends for the next ten years. Logistics. [online]. [Cit. 25. 4. 2019.] Available at:

Kucharčíková, A. and Mičiak, M. 2017. Human Capital Management in Transport Enterprise. In Proceedings of the 18th International Scientific Conference on LOGI, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic, OCT 19, 2017, MATEC Web of Conferences, 134, Article Number: 00030, DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201713400030

Kucharčíková, A.; Mičiak, M. and Hitka, M. 2018. Evaluating the effectiveness of investment in human capital in e-business enterprise in the context of sustainability. Sustainability (Switzerland). 10(9); DOI: 10.3390/su10093211

Ližbetinová, L., Hitka M. and Kleymenov, M. 2018. Motivational preferences of employees in requirements of Czech and Russian transport and logistics enterprises. Nase More, 65(4 Special issue), pp. 254–258. DOI: 10.17818/NM/2018/4SI.17

Logistic News. 2017. In the Central European area, the global problem of people's scarcity is troubling logistic. [online]. [Cit. 25. 12. 2019.] Available at:

Mateides, A. and Ďaďo, J. 2002. Services: service theory: service marketing: quality in services: customer service and measuring customer satisfaction. Bratislava: Epos. ISBN 8080574529

Motykova, J. and Svadlenka, L. 2016. Statistical Analysis and Forecasting of Rail Transport Accidents in the Czech Republic. In SGEM 2016, BK 2: Political Sciences, Law, Finance, Economics and Tourism Conference Proceedings. vol. V. 2016.

Mura, L., Gontkovicova, B., Dulova Spisakova, E. and Hajduova, Z. 2019. Position of Employee Benefits in Remuneration Structure. Transformations in Business & Economics, Vol. 18, No 2 (47), pp. 156-173. ISSN 1648-4460

Mura, L., Ključnikov, A., Tvaronavičienė, M. and Androniceanu, A. 2017. Development trends in human resource management in small and medium enterprises in the Visegrad Group. Acta Polytechnica Hungarica, 14(7), pp. 105–122. DOI:

Nadanyiova, M. 2016. Global Trends of the Personnel Marketing in Service Enterprises. Proceedings of the 16th International Scientific Conference on Globalization and its Socio-Economic Consequences Location: Rajecke Teplice, SLOVAKIA Date: OCT 05-06, 2016, pp. 1474-1481.

Nedeliakova, E.; Dolinayová, A. and Nedeliak, I. 2013. Methods of quality evaluation of transport services. 1st ed.; EDIS – University of Žilina, Slovakia, p. 184.

Nekturová, V. 2016. Influence of globalization trends on storage. Logistic News 2016. [online]. [cit. 30.5.2019] Available at:

Ojo, O. 2020. The Role of Human Resource in Achieving Sustainable Development. International Review of Busieness and Social Science, 1(1), pp. 11–23.

Riha, Z.; Nemec, V. and Sousek, R. 2018. Transportation and environment-economic research. WMSCI 2014 - 18th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Proceedings. 2, pp. 212–217.

Roblek, V.; Meško, M. and Krapež, A. 2016. A Complex View of Industry 4.0. SAGE Open, 6(2). DOI: 10.1177/2158244016653987

Sita. 2018. Employment of foreigners in Slovakia will be easier, the amendment also supports moving to work. [online]. [Cit. 20. 11. 2019.] Retrieved from:

Stachova, K., Stacho, Z., Blstakova, J., Hlatká, M. and Kapustina, L.M. 2018. Motivation of Employees for Creativity as a Form of Support to Manage Innovation Processes in Transportation-Logistics Companies. Naše More, 65(4), 180-186. DOI 10.17818/NM/2018/4SI.3

Svaz průmyslu a dopravy ČR. 2019. Trh práce je vyčerpán. Firmy marně hledají přes 346 tisíc lidí. [online]. [Cit. 25. 12. 2019.] Available at:

Zaborova, E. and Markova, T. 2019. Modern Human Capital Management Trends in Russian SMEs. In Economics, Management and Technology in Enterprises 2019 (EMT 2019). Atlantis Press.




Jak citovat

Ližbetinová, L. ., Balková, M., Voláková, P., & Kuka, A. (2020). CZECH TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS COMPANIES NEED A SOPHISTICATED APPROACH TO EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION. Perner’s Contacts, 15(1).




Nejaktuálnější články stejného autora (stejných autorů)