Klíčová slova:

rubber, visco-hyperelasticity, model, tire, identification, steel, thermodynamics


This paper is a literature review about tire component requirements for innovation in tire construction. Herein are pointed out essential aspects expected in Tires’ structures from the mechanical point of view for future development of a realistic model for advanced simulation of tires (in miscellaneous operating conditions) and innovation in tire mechanics. Being composite structures, tires are made of many elements chosen with delicacy due to their intrinsic physical properties in regards to load effects. Since tires' mechanical behavior is directly linked to the parameters of its constituents (carcass, steel cord belt, and textile cord belt, namely), it is thereof imperative to grasp some solid pieces of knowledge about. Wherefore, the current contribution explored the mechanical requirements to be taken into account in the matrix (rubber) and reinforcements (steel cords and textile cords) for determining the inputs enabling to build up an accurate and simple computer model for improving tires simulation.


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Chae, S. 2006. Nonlinear finite element modeling and analysis of a truck tire. [Ph.D. thesis, Pennsylvania State University], Pennsylvania State University online library, pp. 1–206, [Accessed: 2021, May 20], Available at <https://etda.libraries.psu.edu/catalog/7047>.

Dalrymple, T. and Pürgstaller, A. 2017. Calibration of advanced material models for elastomers. Constitutive Models for Rubber X: Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Constitutive Models for Rubber (ECCMR X), Munich, August 28-31, Munich, Germany: CRC Press, pp. 503–508. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/9781315223278-91>.

Koutný, F. 2007. Geometry and Mechanics of Pneumatic Tires., Zlin. CZE, pp. 1–142.<http://wanderlodgegurus.com/database/Theory/TireGeometry.pdf>

Krmela, J. et al. 2014. Interaction of Steel Cord – Elastomer in Radial Tires for Passenger Vehicle. Production Engineering Archives, 4 (1), pp. 10–13. <http://dx.doi.org/10.30657/pea.2014.05.03>.

Krmela, J. and Krmelová, V. 2017. Dynamic Experiment of Parts of Car Tyres. Transportation Science and Technology: Proceedings of the 10th International Scientific Conference, Vilnius, May 4–5. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, 187, pp. 763–768. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.435>.

Krmela, J. and Krmelová, V. 2018. The material parameters for computational modeling of long-fiber composites with textile. MATEC Web of Conferences, Section: Methods and systems in machine design, Volume (157), pp. 1–8 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201815701011>.

Rodgers, B. 2001. Reinforcing Material in Rubber Products. The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Småland: Laroverket<https://laroverket.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/reinforcingmaterials.pdf>.

Tian, L. et al. 2019. Study on dynamic mechanical properties of a nylon-like polyester tire cord. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics,14 (1), pp. 1–7. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558925019868807>.

Yang, X. et al. 2010. Materials testing for finite element tire model. SAE Technical Papers,3(1), pp. 211–220. <https://doi.org/10.4271/2010-01-0418>.




Jak citovat

Sadjiep Tchuigwa, B. S., Krmela, J., & Pokorny, J. . (2021). A LITERATURE REVIEW ON TIRE COMPONENT REQUIREMENTS. Perner’s Contacts, 16(2). https://doi.org/10.46585/pc.2021.2.1740



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Zaslán 2021-11-10
Přijat 2021-11-25
Publikován 2021-12-30